Thousands were without power in the Florida Panhandle where Fred made landfall.
Flooding made several roads impassable.
Several school districts cancel Tuesday classes.
A state of emergency was declared for 23 of Florida’s 67 counties.
As Tropical Storm Fred came ashore along the Florida Panhandle with strong winds and heavy rain, power outages were mounting in several counties and travel was deemed unsafe.
Flooding closed several roads in Panama City, Lynn Haven and Southport on Monday evening.
The Bryant Patton Memorial Bridge, which connects St. George Island to the mainland, was closed Monday afternoon due to high winds and will reopen againwhen winds fall to a safe level, Franklin County Sheriff A.J. Smith said in a Facebook post.
“It’s not going to be closed for days – don’t freak out,” he said.
Manatee County and the city of Bradenton, Florida, made sandbags available to residents ahead of Fred on Friday, Aug. 13, 2021.
A disturbance in the eastern Caribbean is likely to become a tropical storm on Tuesday.
It will bring heavy rain and gusty winds to the Caribbean, regardless of development.
It’s uncertain what, if any, impacts this system might bring to Florida beginning this weekend.
A disturbance in the eastern Caribbean Sea is likely to soon become Tropical Storm Fred as it brings heavy rain and gusty winds to parts of the Caribbean Islands over the next few days. Beyond the Caribbean, it’s uncertain what, if any, impacts this system might bring to Florida during the weekend ahead.
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) has designated a low-pressure system spreading showers and thunderstorms into the eastern Caribbean Sea as “Potential Tropical Cyclone Six”.
This “potential tropical cyclone” procedure allows the NHC to issue watches and warnings ahead of time for a system that hasn’t become well organized enough to be deemed a tropical depression or storm, but is forecast to become one.
Tropical storm watches and warnings have been issued from parts of the Lesser Antilles to the southeast Bahamas and Turks and Caicos. This includes a tropical storm warning for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, where tropical storm conditions (winds of at least 39 mph) are expected to begin later Tuesday.
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands could also see 2 to 4 inches of rainfall from this system, which has prompted the National Weather Service to issue a flash flood watch for those areas until Wednesday evening.
Uncertain Forecast From the Caribbean to Florida
The official forecast from the NHC below shows that this system is likely to develop into Tropical Storm Fred on Tuesday as it moves generally toward the west-northwest.
Relatively low wind shear and warm water favor some short-term intensification, but dry air lurking nearby should prevent it from strengthening quickly.
At least some weakening of the system to a tropical depression is forecast once it moves over the mountainous terrain of Hispaniola on Wednesday. There is even the possibility that the system could dissipate for a time.
By late week, future Fred or its remnants could be located near Cuba and the southeast Bahamas, where some reorganization of the system might begin. However, that will depend on how much wind shear this system encounters as it moves north and whether it tracks over water instead of Cuba.
The official NHC forecast shows some intensification of the system once it reaches the waters south of Florida by this weekend. But this forecast is highly subject to change given all of the wind shear, dry air and land interaction obstacles we’ve described above.
Regardless, it appears at least a surge of moisture will arrive in Florida this weekend, wringing out more frequent, concentrated areas of heavier rain than your more typical afternoon thunderstorms provide.
It’s too early to determine what, if any, other impacts there might be in Florida this weekend.
Elsa is expected to track through the Lesser Antilles Friday.
Its future regarding potential U.S. impact remains very uncertain next week.
Elsa has become the first hurricane on the 2021 Atlantic hurricane season as it approaches the Lesser Antilles. Hurricane Elsa will barrel into the Caribbean Friday, where warnings have been issued for the Windward Islands. Residents of the Caribbean and Florida should track the progress of Elsa closely through the holiday weekend.
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) said Elsa was centered about 40 mph miles west of Barbados as of Friday morning. A sustained wind of 74 mph and gust of 86 mph was measured on Barbados early Friday.
A hurricane warning has been issued for Barbados, St. Vincent, the Grenadines and St. Lucia. Hurricane conditions are occurring on Barbados and are expected in the warning area in the next few hours.
Tropical storm warnings have been issued for parts of the Windward Islands, where tropical storm force conditions (winds of at least 39 mph) are expected on Friday.
A tropical storm warning has also been issued for the southern coast of the Dominican Republic and portions of Haiti where tropical storm conditions are expected Saturday.
A hurricane watch has also been posted for the southern portion of Haiti. A hurricane watch means hurricane conditions are possible and are typically issued 48 hours before tropical storm force winds are expected to begin.
Tropical storm watches have been issued for Jamaica, meaning tropical storm conditions are possible here this weekend.
Elsa is tracking quickly westward at 28 mph. The quick forward speed should limit rainfall totals.
A storm surge will raise water levels by as much as 1 to 3 feet above normal tide levels in areas of onshore winds in the hurricane warning area in the Windward Islands and along the southern coast of Hispaniola.
The NHC says rainfall totals of 3 to 6 inches with isolated totals up to 10 inches are possible in the Windward and southern Leeward Islands Friday. This could lead to isolated flash flooding and mudslides. That said, the system’s fast forward speed will limit the heavy rain threat that might otherwise be greater.
Elsa will then move across the central and western Caribbean over the weekend. Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Cuba might see heavy rainfall and strong winds from this system during that time. Puerto Rico may receive 1 to 3 inches of rainfall with localized amounts of 5 inches Friday into Saturday.
As this system moves through or past Hispaniola, it could bring heavy rainfall and storm surge to the island. Up to a foot of rain could fall in southern Haiti, with much of the southern portions of the country picking up 4 to 8 inches.
Florida and the eastern Gulf of Mexico are included in the long-range forecast path from the NHC, however, it’s not certain what, if any, impacts it might bring to these areas early next week.
That’s because there are some important forecast factors yet to come into focus once this system tracks into the Caribbean that will influence its future.
One of those is how much land interaction with Hispaniola, Jamaica, and/or Cuba there will be to possibly weaken this system over the holiday weekend. Too much land interaction could disrupt Elsa enough and prevent it from staying intact past the Caribbean.
Elsa’s rather fast westward movement could also prevent it from strengthening too quickly in the near-term future as tracks into the Caribbean.
Another large uncertainty is when and how sharp the system is expected to reach the edge of the Bermuda High that is shoving Elsa westward. When Elsa reaches that edge, it will make a northwestward turn at some point later this weekend and early next week. A faster forward speed in the near-term will mean that this turn will also turn earlier.
The range of outcomes spans from a sooner, sharper northwest then north then northeast turn, recurving well off the Southeast coast to a much more gentle, subtle, late northwest turn into the Gulf of Mexico.
If Elsa tracks toward Florida, later Monday or Tuesday appears to be the earliest this system could impact parts of South Florida. Right now, Elsa is expected to increase the amount of thunderstorm activity in Florida during this time.
Check back to weather.com for updates over the next few days as the forecast uncertainty is narrowed down.
Earliest Forming Fifth Named Storm
Elsa is the earliest forming fifth named Atlantic storm on record in the satellite era (since 1966). The old record washeld by Edouard, which developed a year ago on the evening of July 5.
The name Elsa is new to the list of rotating names being used this season. This year’s list was last used in 2015, but Erika was the “E” storm that year.
Erika was retired after it caused deadly and destructive flooding in the Caribbean Island of Dominica. Elsa replaced it.
Damaging winds are often called “straight-line” winds to differentiate the damage they cause from tornado damage. Strong thunderstorm winds can come from a number of different processes. Most thunderstorm winds that cause damage at the ground are a result of outflow generated by a thunderstorm downdraft. Damaging winds are classified as those exceeding 50-60 mph.
Are damaging winds really a big deal?
Damage from severe thunderstorm winds account for half of all severe reports in the lower 48 states and is more common than damage from tornadoes. Wind speeds can reach up to 100 mph and can produce a damage path extending for hundreds of miles.
Who is at risk from damaging winds?
Since most thunderstorms produce some straight-line winds as a result of outflow generated by the thunderstorm downdraft, anyone living in thunderstorm-prone areas of the world is at risk for experiencing this hazard.
People living in mobile homes are especially at risk for injury and death. Even anchored mobile homes can be seriously damaged when winds gust over 80 mph.
Frequently Asked Questions About Damaging Winds
What are straight-line winds?
Straight-line winds are generally any thunderstorm wind that is not associated with rotation, and is used mainly to differentiate from tornadic winds.
What causes straight-line winds?
Most straight-line winds are a result of outflow generated by a thunderstorm downdraft.
Why is the wind gust limit set at 58 mph?
In the 1950’s and 1960’s, there were three types of convective watches that could be issued: Tornado Watches, Public Severe Thunderstorm Watches, and Aviation Severe Thunderstorm Watches. At first, the public severe thunderstorm watch wind criterion was 75 mph, while the limit for aviation watches was 50 mph. Negotiations with the Air Force raised the minimum speed required for an aviation watch to 58 mph (50 knots) in 1962. In 1970, the Aviation Severe Thunderstorm and Public Severe Thunderstorm watches were combined into a single Severe Thunderstorm Watch, with a minimum wind gust criterion of 50 knots, to reduce confusion.
What is the difference between a microburst and a downburst?
A downburst is the general term for all localized strong wind events that are caused by a strong downdrafts within a thunderstorm, while microburst simply refers to an especially small downburst that is less than 4 km across.
We had damaging winds in our area; how can we tell if they were caused by a tornado or microburst?
Check with your local National Weather Service Forecast Office to see if they conducted a damage survey in your area.
Because bathtubs, with or without integrated showers, get such frequent use and the amounts of water used are quite copious, any type of bathtub leak can be an annoying and potentially very serious problem. Left untreated, some leaks can cause thousands of dollars in damage, requiring major repairs and renovations.
Faucet Leaks – Grout/ Caulk Leaks – Drain Leaks
Any type of bathtub leak can be an annoying and potentially very serious problem.
Most bathtubs leaks can be categorized as one of three types:
Drain leaks. The drain fitting in the bottom of the tub, or the surrounding drain and drain-trap piping, may loosen, causing dripping leaks, usually in the space beneath the bathtub. These can be quite serious since the water may be somewhat hidden and can cause serious damage and wood rot before it is even spotted. Because they are slow, gradual leaks, a considerable amount of damage can occur before such leaks are spotted.
Faucet leaks. The various water supply components, including the faucet valve, the faucet spout, the showerhead, or the water supply connections in the wall, may develop leaks. A dripping faucet or showerhead leak is usually not serious since the water simply goes down the bathtub drain, but it can waste an enormous amount of water. These leaks are usually fairly easy for DIYers to repair themselves. But leaking water supply pipes inside the walls are much more serious since they can damage wood and ceiling surfaces below the tub.
Grout and caulk leaks. One of the most common types of leaking occurs when the mortar grout lines or the caulking between a bathtub/shower and the walls develop cracks or gaps. Gradually, water from the showerhead or splashing water in the tub can infiltrate through the walls into stud cavities behind the wall surface. Mold, rot, and other problems can gradually take hold, and by the time you spot the damage, the needed repairs may involve very expensive renovation. Spotted early, though, correcting these problems and preventing future issues is quite easy.